In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Treatment

IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF) , is a fertility technique used to help a woman get pregnant. In this procedure human eggs and sperms are combined in a laboratory and the resulting embryos is gone through quality check. After that it is placed in the uterus through the cervix.

IVF is used to treat infertility and some genetic problems. IVF is a high tech fertility treatment. Maximum no of infertile couple undergoes In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

It is usually used when you have following Problems :-

a) Ovulation or egg quality.

b) Blocked fallopian tubes.

c) Endometriosis.

d) Oligospermia.

Following are the  procedures that are involved in In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) :—

a) Ovary stimulation- The patient has to take gonadotropin from the beginning of her menstrual cycle. It is a drug used to stimulate ovary and develop multiple of egg for fertilization. Different medicines for the hormones imbalances such as leuprolide or cetrorelix is also taken to keep the body free from releasing the eggs too quickly.

b) Follicle development-  You have to visit  doctor’s clinic every third day during taking all the medications to check your blood hormone levels. The doctor will also take your ultrasound to check measurements of your ovaries . This allows your doctor to monitor the  development of the follicles, fluid-filled sacs.

When follicles get ready, you get an injection is injected. It will make the eggs to mature enough and become also capable to get fertilized. About 36 hours, your eggs get ready for retrieval.

After gathering all the eggs. The doctor gives you anesthetia and  look at your ovaries to identify the follicles. A thin needle is inserted through vaginal wall to remove all the egg from the follicles. The patient also feels some cramps till two days. After two all things will become OK.

c)Fertilization- The doctor will evaluate the eggs before it get mixed with partner’s sperm to  incubate them overnight. Generally, Fertilization usually happens during this  period of time, but eggs which  aren’t that normal must  not get fertilized. Two to three days after the egg retrieval, some of the eggs that were successfully fertilized must become embryos. After some days, some of them embryos will start to become blastocysts with a fluid-filled cavity.

e) Embryo selection- The embryologist(Specialist in embryos, eggs and sperm) selects the good quality embryo and  places it into the uterus after  three  days of egg retrieval. If there some extra embryos then, it may get frozen and used for other future IVF cycles.

d) Planting the embryos- According to the medical analysis doctor will place one to five embryos in the uterus by the help of thin tube through your cervix into uterus. Patients may feel a sense of cramp but it is not much.

e) Successful implantation- If the whole procedure works, the embryo gets implants into your uterine wall and that will result in grow into a baby. 

If more than one embryo is transplanted, then the  chance of pregnancy gets increased. According to a survey, it is estimated that total 20 percent of babies are  born by IVF are twins, triplets.

Q) What’s the success rate for IVF?

The result of IVF vary person to person, it all  depends  on each couple’s different reasons for infertility and most important age. Usually the younger women have healthier eggs than the older one and also have higher success rates. Based on survey it has been found that , the percentage of IVF cycles resulting is about :-

a) If women age is 34 or under then the result is 40 percent.

b) If women age is 35 to 37 then the result is 31 percent.

c) If women age is 38 to 40 then the result is 21 percent.

d) If women age is 41 to 42 then the result is 11 percent.

e) Only, 5 percent for women age 43 and over.