Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is relatively a simple treatment that involves the placing of sperm inside to a woman’s uterus for fertilization. The main aim of IUI is to increase the no of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently the chance of fertilization gets increased.
In the process of IUI, the sperm is given a head start , but it is still upto sperm quality to reach and fertilize the eggs on its own. It is a very less invasive and cost efficient option as compared to in vitro fertilization(IVF) .
Q) When is IUI used?
Some known cases in which IUI may be selected as a fertility treatment are:-
a) Unexplained infertility
b) Hostile cervical condition, including cervical mucus problems
c) Cervical scar tissue from the past procedures. It may hinders the sperms to enter the uterus.
d) Ejaculation dysfunction
e) Male infertility
Following patients are not recommended to undergo IUI:-
a) Woman having severe infection of the fallopian tubes
b) Women having history of pelvic infections
c) Women suffering from severe endometriosis
Q) How does IUI work?
Before intrauterine insemination procedure , for ovulation stimulation different medications can be used. It needs a careful monitoring and it is very necessary to evaluate when the eggs are mature. Then, IUI process will be performed at the time of ovulation, about 24-36 hours after the surge in LH hormone. It indicates ovulation will occur very soon.
The semen sample gets washed in the laboratory to separate the seminal fluid and semen. A catheter gets used to transfer the sperm directly into the uterus. This procedure increases the number of sperm cells that are directly placed into the uterus, subsequently, increasing the possibility to get conceived.
The IUI process takes some time and includes minimal discomfort. The very next step is to watch all the signs and different symptoms of pregnancy.
Q) What are the risks of IUI?
The chances of becoming pregnant gets increased if the person is on fertility medication when opted for IUI. There is very little chance and a small risk of getting infection after Intrauterine insemination.
Q) How successful is IUI?
The success rate of intrauterine insemination (IUI) depends on several factors. If any couple is undergoing IUI procedure performed every month, then there is chance that success rates may increase high as 20% per cycle. Some of the cases also have a dominant effect such as:- Overweight, excessive smoking and drinking, female age, the reason behind infertility.
As intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a less invasive and very cost efficient ,the success rates are lower than from IVF .