Truth of Art Procedure

In the seventies (1978), after several attempts, the first test-tube baby was born. Doctors start removing eggs from the women having a problem in conceiving and start fertilizing it in laboratories. This whole procedure is later named as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) refers to the treatments that include handling the biological process outside of the body. ART procedures account 22 percent result in the baby’s birth.

Age is the most important factor that has a serious impact on infertility. It affects the success rates of infertility treatment and ability to conceive naturally. At the age of 30 if women have a 20% chance to conceive then at 40 it will be reduced to 5%. Women older than 40 years, If having failed attempt to conceive then, immediately consult with the fertility specialist. For those who were older and having regularly failed attempts of pregnancy can opt for ART procedures. Whenever a couple feels ready to conceive naturally but age damaged their fertility. Then, ART procedures come as to rescue.

Some of common assisted reproductive technology

IVF( In Vitro Fertilization). It is a procedure in which women is given high doses of injection to multiple follicles of the egg.

IVF procedure involves:

  • Ovarian hyperstimulation with the injection medication.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound and bloodwork monitoring.
  • Maturation injection
  • Oocyte retrieval
  • Fertilization

When is IVF used?

  • Male infertility
  • Tubal infertility
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Fertilization failure
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis or screening
  • Poor ovarian reserve
  • Older female age
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Endometriosis

How IVF improves pregnancy rate?

  • Multiple egg production.
  • Bypasses issues with fertilization.
  • Optimal embryo selection.

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection). It is a procedure in which sperm is injected into egg and fertilization occurs. Then resulting embryos get transferred to uterus after 2-3 days. The whole procedure takes place in a laboratory.

When ICSI is used?

  • Male infertility.
  • Donor sperm.
  • Fertilization failure.
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis or screening.
  • Unexplained Infertility.

Egg donation. Egg quality has a very important role for women getting pregnant. As the age passes egg quality diminishes. IVF can also be done with donated eggs of another woman. Sperm is injected in donor’s egg which results in the embryo and it gets transferred in uterus.

GIFT (Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer). This is a procedure in which sperm is injected into the egg and then with the help of small incision in the abdomen, the mixture is inserted into the fallopian tube and embryo get implants inside.

ZIFT (Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer)– This is a procedure in which sperm is injected in eggs and fertilization occurs. The resulting embryo is transferred in a fallopian tube through a small incision on the abdomen.